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Targeted PBIS systems and practices provide increased opportunities for instruction, feedback, and home communication to promote success for the 10-15% of students who need support in addition to those provided by Universal implementation.

Targeted supports are designed to prevent the development or decrease the frequency and/or intensity of students’ concerning behaviors. They provide standardized interventions that effectively and efficiently support students, yet do not require the time and resources needed to develop individualized plans. Specific Targeted interventions include Check-In/Check-out; Teacher Check, Connect, and Expect; social skills groups; and self-management supports. All Targeted supports have the following features:

  • Continuously available
  • Accessible within 72 hours of referral
  • Continuously monitored
  • Aligned with school-wide expectations
  • Built on Universal implementation
  • Require minimal time commitment from teachers
  • All school personnel are aware of the interventions and their roles within the process
  • Matched to the function of the student’s behavior
  • Students choose to participate
  • Consistently implemented with most students, but with some flexibility


Thank you for your interest in expanding your PBIS implementation to include the Targeted level! The Targeted PBIS Training supports school teams in building and implementing (or refreshing) a system of Targeted supports based on strong Universal foundations. Prior to the training, teams: (1) review the Universal foundations already in place and make plans to strengthen the Universal implementation, and (2) complete some introductory activities to prepare themselves for the Targeted training. Teams leave the training ready to implement Check-in/Check-out and/or Teacher Check, Connect, and Expect, and will have been introduced to other Targeted supports that can be implemented in the future. Restorative principles and equity considerations are infused throughout the training. 

Please note that to be eligible for Targeted training, schools must: 

  • be currently implementing all components of school-wide PBIS at the Universal Level (Currently updated Statement of Purpose; 3-4 culturally-responsive expectations; Teach, practice, and acknowledge prosocial behaviors; Prevent and respond instructionally to behavior concerns through a continuum of supports; Make decisions based on data).
  • have completed the Tiered Fidelity Inventory (TFI) with their TA or coach and achieved a score of at least 70% on Tier 1 (items 1.1-1.15) within the past four months.
  • complete the prerequisites outlined below.

Please use the VTPBIS Targeted Level Readiness Checklist to track the completion of training and implementation readiness steps. Submit the completed checklist to Anne Dubie at [email protected] at least two weeks prior to training. If you have any questions, contact the VTPBIS State Technical Assistance Provider (TA) for your SD/SU.

STEP 1: Get Started (Prerequisites)

  • PBIS coordinator or principal/assistant principal: Contact your VTPBIS State TA to discuss the team’s interest and readiness for being trained at the Targeted level. 
  • Recommended: Arrange for an on-site Learning Walk with your TA or coach to gather information and feedback to use when completing the Tiered Fidelity Inventory (TFI).
  • Complete the Tiered Fidelity Inventory (TFI) with your TA or coach. Score must be at least 70% on Tier 1 (items 1.1-1.15)

STEP 2: Complete Readiness Activities

  • Identify PBIS team members to attend Targeted training either in the Spring or at the BEST/VTmtss Summer Institute in June. PBIS team members participating in the training should include the principal and/or assistant principal, school PBIS coordinator, a staff member with applied behavior expertise, other representative staff members, and, if possible, student and/or family/caregiver representative(s). 
  • Register and pay for your team to attend Targeted training.
  • School PBIS coordinator, principal and/or assistant principal, and SD/SU coordinator: Attend the VTPBIS Targeted Level webinar in January (for Spring training) or April (for June training) (pre-registration required).
  • Administrator or coordinator: Contact the SD/SU grants manager to request BEST/Act 230 (or local) funds for implementation coaching and professional development for the upcoming school year. It is important to share this need with the grants coordinator well in advance of the grant submission deadline (typically end of June).

STEP 3: Complete Pre-Training Team Activities (your TA will guide you through this process)

  1. Review Universal PBIS Foundations
  • Gather, review, and provide feedback about staff, student, and family/caregiver input about current social/emotional/behavioral needs.
  • Consider whether and how current school-wide expectations: (1) address identified social/emotional/behavioral needs, (2) are culturally responsive, and (3) should be kept or updated. Complete Pre-training Activity #1 in the  VTPBIS Targeted Workbook.
  • Consider equity and cultural responsiveness in the school’s current Universal PBIS implementation and how it ensures access, representation, meaningful participation, and high outcomes for all students. Complete Activity #2 in the  VTPBIS Targeted Workbook.
  1. Intro to Targeted PBIS

STEP 4: Targeted Training and Implementation

  • The PBIS team attends the Targeted Leadership Team Training.
  • Arrange for follow-up coaching for Targeted first-year implementation.
  • Determine professional development needs for the coordinator, PBIS team members, and school staff for the upcoming year.